LCA of electricity from wind turbines, Iceland

EFLA performed a life cycle assessment of electricity generation in two research wind turbines (2 x 900 kW), situated at Hafið by Búrfell in Iceland. 

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is used to assess the environmental impact of a product, process or service from cradle to grave. The standardized method can be used to compare environmental impacts of similar products and services.

About this Project

Landsvirkjun, The National Power Company of Iceland


Hafið by Búrfell,  South Iceland


The project's objective

The project was part of Landsvirkjun's research on the feasibility of wind power development in Iceland. The assessment was carried out in compliance with international standards ISO 14040 and ISO 14044, identifying those phases or components of the life cycle that carry the heaviest environmental burdens.

EFLA's role

  • Data collection for the life cycle inventory
  • (LCI) Modelling using leading sustainability software
  • Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA)
  • Preparation of a final report 

The project's long term benefits

The study identifies the main environmental hot spots of wind power utilization at Hafið. The assessment can be used as part of a comprehensive decision process in the design phase, construction preparation, procurement and in operational stages, with the purpose of reducing environmental impacts of wind power utilization.